Treating Macular Degeneration
Untreated macular degeneration is one of the leading causes of blindness in those over 65 years old. While researchers have not yet discovered a cure for age-related macular degeneration (AMD), there are treatment options which prevent the disease from progressing to blindness. In some cases, treatment can lead to improved vision. It’s essential to have an open discussion with your eye doctor about the risks and limitations of AMD treatments.
Types of Macular Degeneration:
There are 2 basic types of AMD, dry and wet forms.
Dry Macular Degeneration
Dry Macular Degeneration is considered the less aggressive form of AMD. It typically progresses much more slowly, and the level of eyesight damage is less severe. Treating Dry AMD often involves AREDS 2 antioxidants, which have been shown to slow disease progression. Dry AMD is detected during routine eye exams, which is why it’s crucial to have yearly testing that includes OCT tomography and retinal photos for monitoring retinal changes.
Wet Macular Degeneration
Wet Macular Degeneration is the more severe form of AMD. It is a chronic eye disorder that initially causes blurred vision or a blind spot in the visual field. It occurs when abnormal blood vessel growth (angiogenesis) leads to fluid leaks or bleeding inside the retinal layers. When this process starts, blindness can occur if treatment isn’t initiated. Treatments include an AMD medication injected directly into the eye to inhibit angiogenesis.